UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY) – In recent years, the problem of recycling garbage has become one of the most pressing in the world. However, the problem is much broader: in various countries, unauthorized landfills are increasingly formed.
Such landfills are not just illegal, they also cause fires, pollution of soils, rivers and underground reservoirs. That is, they cause irreparable damage to the environment.
However, there are also positive examples of the use of garbage when landfills produce electricity and biofuel, processing incoming garbage.
Below we will talk about the 15 largest landfills in the world.
Landfill Xinfeng, Guangzhou, China – 92 hectares
In Guangzhou, I live more than 10 million people. Every day in the city there are 8 thousand tons of waste that fall into the dump of Xinfeng.
This dump is managed by the French company Veolia.
This landfill is one of the largest in Asia, $ 100 million was allocated for its construction.
The incineration plant, operating at Xinfeng, processes about 2,000 tons of garbage a day, producing biogas and electricity.
Half of the received energy is taken away by Veolia, the second half goes to the needs of the city.
Landfill West New Territories, Hong Kong – 110 hectares
Hong Kong is one of the most developed countries in the world, but this country produces huge amounts of garbage.
Most of this garbage is at the West New Territories dump, which covers an area of 110 hectares.
This is the biggest dump in Hong Kong. It is managed by the French company Suez Environment.
However, there is also a positive moment – the management company of garbage produces gas and electricity.
It is noted that this is even the largest, but not the only garbage dump in Hong Kong.
Every day, up to 14 thousand tons of garbage enters Hong Kong’s landfill.
Landfill Deonar, Mumbai, India – 132 hectares
Every year, India produces about 60 million tons of garbage.
Of this volume, the city of Mumbai accounts for 2.7 million tons.
The Deonar dump, which covers an area of 132 hectares, is located in the eastern suburbs of Mumbai.
This is the oldest dump in India, which was formed by the English as early as 1927.
Every day, up to 8,000 tons of wastes enter the landfill
Landfill in Newton County, Indiana, USA – 162 hectares
This is a huge dump in the US state of Indiana, which covers an area of 162 hectares.
This landfill serves almost 300 households and business centers.
It is estimated that the landfill will continue to take garbage in the next 20 years, which will lead to the growth of its territory.
At the moment, attempts are being made to modernize the utilization of incoming garbage and reduce the level of unpleasant odor.
Dumps New Delhi, India – 202 hectares
Every day the Indian city of New Delhi produces about 9,200 tons of garbage daily.
These waste are distributed in three dumps – Narela Bawana, Bhalswa, Okhla and Ghazipur.
The total area of these dumps reaches 128 hectares.
With the exception of the newly formed Narela Bawana, the remaining landfills are very old and already long established.
For example, at the Bhalswa dump, the height of the garbage heaps already reaches a height of 41 meters. Nevertheless, the dump is still working, and all new and new garbage is brought here.
In 2013, near New Delhi, an additional area of 74 hectares was allocated for the storage of garbage.
Thus, to date, the total area of landfills in the city is 202 hectares.
Landfill Sudokwon, Incheon, South Korea – 231 hectares
The landfill in Incheon was created more than 20 years ago – in 1992.
At the moment about 20 thousand tons of garbage come here daily.
At the same time, electricity is generated from garbage – 50 megawatts, thanks to which desalination of water and restoration of the fertility of the soil occurs.
In this case, trees are planted here – only more than 700 thousand.
This dump is used as an illustrative example of how to effectively use waste.
In particular, here lead on excursions of students. There is also a museum on the landfill site.
Puente Hills, Los Angeles, USA – 255 hectares
This dump in California is considered the largest operating dump in the US.
Here, almost 1600 trucks with household waste are brought daily.
Every day 10.3 thousand tons of garbage come here.
The highest peak of the landfill is 150 m, and the total area is almost 283 hectares.
Landfill Malagrotta, Italy – 275 hectares
This landfill is considered the largest on the territory of the European Union. About 4 thousand tons of garbage are brought here daily.
Until 1984, this dump was illegal, but since 1984 it was given a legal status.
Here, as in other developed countries, try to use the garbage with good. In particular, it produces electricity and biofuel.
Guatemalan dump – 283 hectares
This dump is considered the largest in Central America.
500 tons of garbage are brought here daily.
This is a small amount compared to other landfills, and this is due to the fact that the inhabitants of Guatemala are not too concerned about the disposal of garbage and simply throw it directly to the street.
This dump brings everything that can be thrown out and therefore it poses a serious threat to the health of thousands of people who live right on its border.
In this dump is also a source of earnings, as many residents are digging in the garbage in an attempt to find something of value.
Dump of New York
Instead of the old giant dump that once existed in this largest megalopolis, where garbage from all over the city was transported, in 2001 a new huge landfill was built.
Every day 13 thousand tons of garbage is brought to it.
At the New York dump there are even local attractions, such as a huge mountain of debris 25 m high.
Landfill Laogang, Shanghai, China – 336 hectares
This is China’s largest landfill. It serves the world’s largest city in the world – Shanghai.
However, this landfill is also an example of reasonable waste disposal.
Methane is collected here, which usually generates all open-type landfills, and recycles it into electricity.
A total of 102 MW of energy is generated, which provides electricity for about 100 thousand households in the district.
Landfill Bordo Poniente, Mexico City, Mexico – 375 hectares
Mexico City is one of the most populated metropolitan areas of the planet and it is logical that one of the largest landfills in the world is in the vicinity of this particular city.
This dump was closed in 2011. Before its closure, it took about 15 thousand tons of waste daily.
In addition, the dump was fed by whole families – here they came in search of valuable things.
However, after the closure of the landfill, these families lost their source of income.
The authorities of the country planned the construction of a garbage processing plant, but so far it has been very slow.
Guiyu Landfill USA – 890 hectares
This dump is located in the vicinity of Las Vegas.
It contains 5 million tons of garbage. This is the largest US dump by the volume of daily garbage collected.
Las Vegas and the suburbs produce about 10.5 thousand tons of garbage daily. It is this garbage that arrives at the Apex Regional dump.
The landfill is managed by Republic Services. It was opened in 1993.
This is the largest dump in the US.
Guiyu Landfill – 5 300 hectares
This place is known to the world the world’s largest dump of electronic waste. China is the largest importer of electronic waste.
About one million tons of electronic rubbish a year are imported here mainly from the USA, Canada, Japan and South Korea.
Guiyu began to bring electronic garbage in 1995.
According to modern estimates, about 150 thousand workers are engaged in garbage processing from more than 100 trucks, unloaded daily.
Guiyu deservedly nicknamed the electronic cemetery.
A large Pacific garbage spot – 6 thousand square meters. km
The garbage site located in the archipelago in the Hawaiian Islands area is the largest dump on our planet: its area is about 6 thousand square meters. km (600 thousand hectares).
In general, plastic is transported here, and toxins that are released from decomposing waste poison people and animals.
Mainly from a huge landfill, marine life is affected: dolphins, whales and other animals.
The archipelago is incompatible with the life of any living organism, nevertheless for many people who come here in search of something useful, it is the only source of income.